Bitcoin was the first and most important cryptocurrency. It was created by Satoshi Nakamoto in 2008, a person or group that later disappeared from the stage. There's only going to ever be a maximum of 21M bitcoins in circulation. Currently there are a bit over 11M. More bitcoins are created through a process called mining.
Bitcoins’s rule-based monetary policy was set at its creation and its independence is secured by the distributed nature of the underlying network. This non-discretionary monetary policy can best be described as asymptotic money supply targeting (AMST).
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